Types of Dental Implants
Today, there are more than 60 companies that manufacture dental implants and related materials as well as several variations and types to meet the needs of a wide variety of patients. Dr. Koo determines which option works best for you after an in-depth examination. The categorizations include:
One Stage Implants vs. Two Stage Implants
Most commonly, implants are distinguished by the number of stages they require for successful placement and restoration. Like the name implies, a two-stage implant will require multiple surgical procedures – one to place the tooth implant into the jaw, and one to expose the teeth implants and attach an abutment, as well as a temporary restoration in some case. Endosteal implants are the common type for this procedure and they’re placed directly in the bone. Screw, cylinder, and bladed types are available variations in two-stage implants.
One stage dental implants involve the placement of a slightly longer implant with the top exposed after the gum tissue heals. This eliminates the need for an additional surgical procedure to place the abutment and temporary restoration. Subperiosteal implants are most commonly used for this procedure, and they support dentures for patients who may not have enough bone mass for two-stage dental implants.
Dental Implant Sizes
Dental implants can also be separated into groups by size. This quality generally determines where they can be placed within the mouth. However, the unique amount of individual bone and spacing between teeth for each patient also determines Dr. Koo’s recommendation. The types include:
- Standard Implant Platform – These implants are typically placed towards the front of the patient’s mouth, and they’re around 3.5 mm to 4.2 mm in diameter.
- Wide Implant Platform – Wide implants are usually recommended to replace a tooth in the back of a patient’s mouth. Their diameter is around 4.5 mm to 6 mm.
- Narrow or Mini Dental Implants – Mini dental implants are around 2 mm to 3.5 mm in diameter, and they work wonders in small spaces where a larger implant just couldn’t fit. If a patient suffers from a lack of jawbone mass, this alternative allows them to receive implant retained tooth replacements.
Dental Implant Materials
Dental implants are typically made from titanium or stainless steel materials, and they offer patients strength and durability. However, zirconium is becoming more popular as an aesthetically pleasing, structurally sound alternative. Dr. Koo can help you decide which option is best. The most important factor regarding what implants are made of is that they have the biocompatibility necessary to fuse with human tissue. Both titanium and zirconium are accepted by natural structures, and have very low chances of causing any sensitivity or allergic reaction.
There are several excellent companies that create dental implants, including:
- Nobel Biocare